Pichan was inhabited in early prehistoric times. The oldest parts of the fortified town on the hill, the Histri tribe were located on the hill of Kalvarija, on the north part of the modern city. After that the city was probably inhabited by the Celtic tribe Secusa.In Roman times, probably in the same strategically important place, there was a military stronghold and the settlement of Petina.
Some authors have associated the town of Pichan with the name Pucinium, which Pliny and Ptolemy mention as the name of a fortress in central Istria, known for its excellent wine even at the Roman court. Livia, the wife of Emperor Augustus, believed that her longevity was attributed to the fact that she would drink only this wine, and you can see this even today by tasting premium local wines.
№324 in locations of Croatia